MAY 30, 2022
Skin changes throughout a person’s lifetime, for both men and women. For women, however, their reproductive hormones greatly influence the skin. Perimenopause is often when these skin changes occur, as the rapid fluctuations in hormones can result in various skin problems. This leaves many women wondering how they can manage menopause and skin changes associated with it.
Estrogen: The Powerhouse of Hormones
- Progesterone: Supports estrogen and keeps skin moist and supple.
- Estrogen: Helps with collagen production and maintains skin thickness.
- Testosterone: Manages sebum production and keeps with elasticity.
- At puberty, estrogen helps with the growth of long bones and the fusion of growth plates. Estrogen also protects bones throughout life, preventing osteoporosis.
- During puberty and pregnancy, estrogen encourages the growth of mammary ducts.
- Vaginal epithelial mucosal cells take their direction from estrogen, providing lubrication and moisture.
- Cardiovascular function benefits from estrogen, which reduces LDL ( “bad cholesterol”) and increases HDL (“bad cholesterol”).
Can perimenopause cause skin problems?
- Encouraging the production of collagen for elasticity and oil for moisture.
- Minimizing inflammation.
- Boosting wound healing factors.
- Protecting against sun damage, melanoma, and other skin cancers while still absorbing vitamin D.
What does perimenopausal skin look like?
#1 Dry & Flaky Skin
For menopausal women, however, dry skin also comes from the loss of estrogen during perimenopause. The skin-smoothing collagen and moisturizing oils in the skin are produced through estrogen. As estrogen levels drop, a loss of collagen and nourishing oils occurs throughout perimenopause. Without enough collagen and skin oils, skin becomes less able to retain moisture, making it dry, itchy, and flaky.3
#2 Acne Breakouts
Along with the imbalance of hormones, lifestyle factors, diet, stress, and genetics are other factors that lead to perimenopausal acne. Many women may experience minor acne outbreaks here and there during menopause. Others may find themselves with severe bouts of acne that require intervention.
During perimenopause, incorporating proper topical skin care products into your daily regimen is essential, especially when managing hormonal acne. Women experiencing perimenopause lack the robust collagen and healing factors once present during their teen years. Compared to teenage acne, perimenopausal acne takes longer to heal and can lead to scarring. Therefore, preventing perimenopausal acne is essential to a healthy skin care regimen. 4
Hormone imbalance is the primary cause of eczema during perimenopause. Diminished estrogen levels cause the skin to become more reactive to internal and environmental triggers. In addition, age and hormonal imbalance prevent the skin from healing as quickly as it used to, resulting in persistent eczema symptoms. Therefore, women with a previous history of eczema may experience a significant recurrence of their symptoms. For these women, eczema and menopause may go hand in hand.6
#4 Sagging Skin
#5 Hyperpigmentation & Discoloration
As estrogen levels plummet, the skin barrier becomes thinner. This thinning skin barrier becomes more prone to pigmentation problems. Estrogen also assists in controlling melanin, the pigment that darkens the skin. With less estrogen to keep it in check, melanin increases, and pigmentation issues from sun damage (sun spots) can become more apparent during perimenopause. 3, 5
How can perimenopausal skin be soothed?
- Wash with a mild cleanser instead of harsh soaps to counter dry and sensitive skin. Soap might make your face feel squeaky clean, but it can also strip your skin of its beneficial oils. Applying a hyaluronic-acid, oil-free, peptide moisturizer after bathing can help nourish skin and improve thickness. Avoid products and fabrics with abrasive textures, harsh perfumes, or chemical dyes, as these can trigger menopause rash.
- Unclogging pores and reducing oil help to reduce acne during perimenopause is key. Washing acne-prone skin with a salicylic acid cleanser removes oil and debris that can lead to acne and menopause rashes. However, avoid acne products that irritate and dry out your skin. Retinol, for example, makes the skin barrier peel and can cause irritations.
- Whether you’re sixteen or sixty, wearing sunscreen daily can reduce sun damage, skin irritation, and skin cancer. Adding hats and sunglasses to your sun protection regimen provides an additional defense against the sun’s harsh rays.
Does perimenopause change the appearance of your face?
The AAD states that during perimenopause:5
- The nose loses some structure and dips.
- Pouches under the eyes become more noticeable.
- Pores become more prominent.
- Skin becomes thinner and papery.
OneSkin’s Impact on Perimenopause Skin
- Promoting collagen, elastin, and hyaluronic acid production prevents sagging and wrinkles.
- Improving skin’s epidermal thickness and integrity, mitigating skin damage, helping prevent menopause rashes, and refining skin texture.
- Reducing the overall biological age of skin and making skin cells function like younger cells.
If you’re experiencing perimenopause skin problems, consider adding OneSkin to your skincare routine. Your skin changes with time, after all. So should your approach to skincare!
- Hormonal imbalance from the rapid loss of estrogen (estradiol) plays a significant role in perimenopause skin problems.
- The reduction of estrogen in a woman’s body, lifestyle factors, and aging may result in the following skin changes:
- Dryness and itching from moisture loss.
- Acne due to hormonal imbalance increases oil production and clogged pores.
- Eczema and rashes from a thinner skin barrier and increased inflammation.
- Sagging due to the loss of structural support.
- Hyperpigmentation and discoloration due to increased melanin and sun damage.
- Skin changes during menopause may require a modification of a woman’s current skincare routine.
- OneSkin’s Topical Supplements, which include the proprietary OS-01 peptide, help prevent and alleviate perimenopause skin problems by increasing epidermal thickness and promoting the production of collagen, hyaluronic acid, and elastin.