101 Guide On The Benefits of Cleansing Your Face

Reference Lab

JUNE 10, 2022

Most people have carefully curated a skincare routine over time for their skin, but one step–and arguably the most important–remains the same: facial cleansing. Regular facial cleansing is critical to preventing unnecessary skin damage from lingering pollutants and environmental stressors. It also keeps your skin barrier strong, healthy, and visible signs of aging at bay. Continue reading to see why the right daily face cleanser, combined with other topical skin care products and a proper facial cleansing routine can help promote skin health and longevity.

Why should you regularly cleanse your face?

Facial skin is one of the most environmentally challenged areas of the body due to constant exposure to variant climates, pollution, and UV rays that can accelerate aging (1). Regularly and correctly cleansing the delicate skin on your face can promote and maintain many aspects of healthy skin. These factors include:
  • skin firmness and texture
  • epithelial elasticity
  • oil and moisture control
  • skin pH levels
  • removal of dead skin cells
  • nurturing a healthy skin microbiome
Maintaining a consistent routine that follows the proper face cleansing steps is essential to remove impurities from daily products like cosmetics that can clog pores, disrupt skin moisture, and damage the skin barrier 2. Additionally, our faces are exposed to many environmental stressors such as dirt and pollutants that can compromise and weaken our skin’s health3.

Why is it important to consistently cleanse your face?

As with all healthy habits, consistency is vital. This is especially true regarding your skincare routine, as harmful particles and pollutants left to linger can induce toxicity to your skin cells1.
There is, however, such a thing as over-cleansing skin, which can lead to an impaired skin barrier, inflammation, and hypersensitivity 4. So, how often should you use facial cleansers? Many skin professionals recommend cleansing once daily. Using warm water, wash your face with a facial cleanser and follow up with a peptide moisturizer well-suited for your skin type. Doing so will ensure your skin’s surface is kept clean without stripping it of its natural oils and disrupting its diverse microbiome.

What are the benefits of cleansing regularly?

Our skin cells replicate to replace the dying cells, but without consistent and effective skin cleansing, those dead cells can build up in the skin, creating a clogged layer and a dull complexion. Additionally, dirt, toxins, and products like makeup and sunscreen can lead to blocked pores and hide the healthiest layer of skin. Using an exfoliating cleanser vs face wash removes these dead cells and other impurities before applying other products is required to prime your skin for the rest of your skincare regimen5.

How does cleansing affect skin firmness, texture, elasticity, and long-term health?

Keeping skin fresh and free from irritants and toxins allows it to maintain balanced sebum production, a healthy microbiome, and a strong skin barrier. Balanced and clean skin is primed to retain water more effectively, promoting skin firmness, a smooth texture, and elasticity. Additionally, with a strong skin barrier free from irritants and external stressors, skin is well-suited to function optimally and be healthy for the long term.
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How does cleansing help control oil production?

Natural oil within the skin is essential for moisture and protection. Sebum is a mixture of oil and fatty acids that occur naturally in the skin to reduce water loss, maintain proper pH, and prevent infection by harmful bacteria and fungi6. These oils also help to feed our healthy microbial flora and keep our skin firm yet elastic. Increased oils can trap dirt and pollutants and promote unhealthy bacteria growth. Sebum production can significantly decrease as skin ages, leading to dryness, sensitivity, and susceptibility to infection7. Regular facial cleansing can help ensure proper levels of sebum and healthy oils are maintained within the skin.

How does cleansing help support a healthy skin microbiome?

The human microbiome consists of beneficial microorganisms throughout the body that outnumber our cells8. The presence of these bacteria and fungi on our skin helps our body fight infection, preserve epithelial health, and maintain homeostasis. Excessive oils and decreased hydration can alter these bacterial communities and allow harmful bacteria to replace them. Harsh facial products, acids, and antibiotics can destroy these healthy bacteria. Using gentle cleansers with effective ingredients can remove facial impurities while allowing your healthy microbiome to thrive9.

Can skin of all different types benefit from regular cleansing?

Yes! However, soap and water do not cut it. Just as there are many different skin types, there are many other skin cleansers. Whether you have oily skin, dry skin, sensitive skin, acne-prone skin, or combination skin, finding the correct type of facial cleanser is critical to maintaining your most significant barrier. You can find the right product for your skin type with OneSkin.

Main Takeaways

  • Facial cleansing is an essential step in every skincare routine.
  • Without a proper cleansing routine, dirt, pollutants, and dead skin can accumulate, leading to rapid skin damage and aging.
  • Regular cleaning with a gentle cleanser can reveal the healthiest layer of skin and promote moisture and product retention.
  • Skin oils and the microbiome are essential components to maintain skin health that can be promoted by regular cleansing with gentle products.
  • Different skin requires different products, and the same goes for cleansing products. Identifying your skin type is essential in choosing the right cleanser for your face.
OneSkin’s OS-01 Topical Supplement, developed by longevity scientists, is a clean and safe option made for all skin types and promotes long term skin health. Learn more.


  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6851972/
  2. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16910029/.
  3. https://www.oneskin.co/blogs/reference-lab/skin-care-is-health-care-why-extending-your-skinspan-is-key-to-longevity
  4. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32594335
  5. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31741359/
  6. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32585060/
  7. https://www.jidonline.org/article/S0022-202X(15)45553-8/pdf
  8. https://journals.plos.org/plosbiology/article?id=10.1371/journal.pbio.1002533
  9. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6534434/

Reviewed by Alessandra Zonari, PhD, Chief Scientific Officer (CSO) and Co-Founder of OneSkin

Alessandra earned her Master’s degree in stem cell biology, and her PhD in skin regeneration and tissue engineering at the Federal University of Minas Gerais in Brazil in collaboration with the 3B’s Research Group in Portugal. Alessandra did a second post-doctoral at the University of Coimbra in Portugal. She is a co-inventor of three patents and has published 20 peer-reviewed papers in scientific journals.

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